Animal breeding – application
Humate application in animal breeding and veterinary medicine
A humic product is an eco-friendly veterinarian preparation of a natural vegetative origin containing humic acid salts, hematomelanic and fulvic acids, peptides, polysaccharides, micro- and macroelements (in particular, calcium and phosphorus), enzymes, proteins, vitamins necessary for piglets, calves and hens.
Humates used as the mother water added to food allow not only for increasing the animal resistance towards external environmental factors and prevent gastrointestinal disorders and loin diseases but also improving feed nutrient digestion reducing the term of animal and poultry fattening, increasing average daily weight gain and enhancing meat and egg quality.
PRODUCT APPLICATION WILL HELP :
• improve the animal productivity,
• increase the livestock survivability,
• improve the animal organism resistance,
• decrease the endometritis morbidity rate,
• treat gastrointestinal diseases,
• treat wounds, skin diseases,
• diminish the consequences of toxic food use,
• promote placenta delivery.
Used for all animal species and ages. Provides for the weight gain and productivity increase by 15-25%.
The key form of the humate use application in veterinary medicine is a feed additive. It was intended for individual and group intake in the combination with feed additives, feed, drinking as the means to improve animal productivity.
The proposed feed additive has a high biological activity. Silicon compounds (SiO 2) in the animal body perform the most active part in vital processes as SiO2 compounds are present in the animal genetic apparatus (in nucleic acids) and influence metabolic processes in erythrocytes, SiO 2 is a part of blood vessels and makes epithelial and connective tissues strong, elastic and impermeable. Adding silicon (SiO2) and micro-elements to the sodium and potassium humate composition during their production enriches a feed additive with the elements necessary for the normal growth and development of animals and birds.
Other microelements added to the feed additive increase its biological activity and are intended for appetite encouragement (ferrum, zinc); liver function improvement (zinc); GIT mucosa function (zinc, ferrum, potassium); improving the state of muscular and cardiovascular systems (potassium, sodium, magnesium); reduction in the morbidity rate of joints, ligaments and bones (copper, silicon, manganese, boracium); improving the fur or feather quality (zinc, silicon); immunity improving (zinc, cobalt); increasing reproductivity (copper, potassium, manganese); positive influence on the growth and lifetime (silicon, boracium, magnesium, zinc); eliminating dysbacteriosis (zinc, ferrum, cobalt). The positive results of tests conducted for a liquid humate feed additive with silicon dioxide and microelements allow recommending it for introduction into the practice of animal and poultry growing which is cost-efficient and promising from the economic point of view.
KEY HUMATE APPLICATION AREAS IN VETERINARY MEDICINE:
• effective enterosorbents to eliminate the toxins of the microbe and fungus origin from the body as well as to eliminate chemical poisons, heavy metal salts, radiotoxins;
• boosting animal productivity acting as the means encouraging digestion;
• immunomodulating factors;
• medicinal preparations with antitumor, antimicrobial, wound healing and other effects.
Humates are capable of increasing the body resistance to adverse impacts and easing the adaption to the changing environment.
Humate improves the body endurance at physical and emotional load. It is established that humate encourages a gas&energy exchange in the body, increases the blood oxygen capacity and the protein, phosphorous and carotene contents in the blood serum. The enhancement of anabolic processes is explained by a better feed digestibility and better protein biosynthesis stimulation which results in soft tissue growth. The preparation belongs to the group of biogenic stimulators and is recommended as a feed additive to improve productivity and general non-specific resistance of cattle stock and poultry offspring resistance.
One can observe the growth in average daily gain by 6-9% in pigs, by 10-25% in rabbits with the increase of a slaughter yield and enhancement of the feed out meat quality. When humates are added into the feed of piglets and are diluted into water or milk, within 60 days one observed an extra gain in live weight of not less than 2.5 kg while the final weight increases by more than 12 kg per capita, the morbidity and mortality rates go down thus increasing offspring survivability;
2-month female lambs receiving humate as a part of their ration, the dose 0.3 ml/kg of live weight, showed a 6.7% higher average daily gain compared with the control group while 10-month ram hogs receiving the same amount of the preparation demonstrated a 7.5% higher gain compared with the control group. Besides, one observed the milk yield increase in the 1.5-year ewes by 11.3%, in the 3-4 year ewes by 7.9% compared with the ewes from the control group. Additionally, one observed the increase in the meat production quality and wool.
Humate application promotes a more intensive growth of fur-bearing animal offspring and fur market condition improvement. In the dose of 2 ml per 1 kg of a living weight the preparation facilitates the immunity activity, increases the offspring number and milkability in females which promotes a higher survivability of ice fox, mink and other fur bearing animal whelps.
The dose of 1 humate mg/kg of hen and turkey living weight increases the poultry growth rate by 10%, facilitates egg production capacity and reduces the chick mortality. At the same the offspring survivability increases by 5.72-8.57%.
Chicks, ducklings and turkey poults show a significantly quicker weight gain, higher vitality, resilience, better health.
When studying the humate influence on the reproduction function of various animals, one identified that the preparation facilitates the ovum functional activity and improves the fertilization rate in cows and pigs. One can also observe the reduction of the pubescence period in rabbits. The down-calving cows fed with humates in the dose of 10-12 mg/kg of living weight during 21 days demonstrate a better course of labour and quicker placenta delivery.
The use of humic preparations prevent GIT diseases, improves the immunity, reduces the cattle loss by 20-30% and enhances the feed digestibility which decreases the feed specific consumption by 10-20%. Meat and dairy products obtained with this additive have an enhanced taste.
Humates are compatible with all medicines and feed additives, there were no side-effects or complications identified at their application. Animal breeding end products are used for food without any limitations.
Humates are harmless for people and animals. They have no any allergic, anaphylactogenic, teratogenic, embryotoxic and carcinogenic properties.
HUMATES FOR CATTLE STOCK
Humic acids as animal feed additives facilitate the growth of dairy production and increase milk fat contents, make the feed consumption more cost-effective and reduce the costs for the feed. Feeding highly productive milk cows with humates can change the protein fraction ratio.
Feed additive application diminishes the cattle stock stress induced by large-scale industrial livestock management, strengthens animal hair, improves mobility and appetite thus facilitating a quicker and healthier growth of animals.
The preparation is used for the prevention and treatment of the offspring GIT diseases in agricultural animals. Most efficient as a preventive preparation. It was established that the calves delivered by the cows fed with humates gained a higher weight comparing to the control group calves. Young bulls which had the food ration including the humates were of a higher weight compared with the control group animals.
When studying the humate influence on the agricultural animals, one established the preparation increases an average daily gain in cattle stock offspring by 14-21%.
The calves receiving a humic preparation in addition to common feeding look healthy, have naturally shining hair, were more active. To add more, bald spots on the animal hair completely vanished. The calves were less vulnerable to respiratory diseases, no pathologies were revealed. High offspring survivability – up to 95-98%.
During the observation period one established that the calves at the age of 20 days – 1.5 months receiving liquid humates as feed additives were less vulnerable to diarrhea. Diarrhea in calves stopped virtually in 2-3 days after adding a humic preparation to the feeding without application of traditional antibiotics.
- Rearing the 1 – 1.5 months calves with the milk containing humates
To determine the feed additive influence on the calve body, the blood counts were taken for a analysis which showed the increase in the calcium (by 23.1%), phosphorous (by 27.3%) and alkali reserve (by 11.6%) contained in the blood of the experimental group calves.
Humate as a feed additive is introduced into the cattle stock offspring (10 days – 4 months) ration with milk/concentrate. The norm of liquid humate introduced into a food ration is calculated with the account of an animal living stock – 0.4 ml per 1 kg of weight, the frequency – once a day.
Humic acids stabilize intestinal flora and thus provide for the improved nutrient consumption from animal feeding. In its turn, it results in the animal living weight gain without increasing the amount of feeding consumed. Improved feed digestibility as a result of optimal pH in the digestive tract reduces nitric discharge and bad breadth.
Springing cows feeding with the humates improves their blood counts, milk yield and fat content and facilitates more robust offspring delivery. Humate use for nonmilking cow feeding resulted in the enhancement of the colostral milk biological properties in terms of the dry substance, crude ash, fat, total protein and immunoprotein contents. Besides, one could observe easier deliver and the service period reduction as well as the decrease in the conception rate. The females that received the humate during a non-milking period delivered healthier offspring with the increased growing capacity at the post-natal development period.
- Endometrial injection of the humic preparation at endometritis
The ointment containing liquid humates is applied in the veterinary medicine to treat eczemas, dermatitis, purulonecrotic diseases of animal limbs such as malignant stomatitis, panaritium, laminitis, wounds of the sensory tissues, cuts and tumors of hoofs, limbs as well as for mastitis prevention and treatment.
The humate-based ointment contains the components having anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory and analgetic properties. All the components are natural and do not contain any chemical additives.
For a wide application in veterinary medicine the suggested ointment was tested as the medicine to treat hoof tumors as well as to heal hoof wounds during the p
eriod of animal pasture management on the milking herd cows. The control preparation was black ointment (tradition medicine used in such cases).
- Ointment application at mammitis
The suggested ointment was applied on washed hoofs and bandaged. The cow hoofs’ were re-bandaged every 2 days.
The potassium humate-based ointment positive influence at the cow hoof diseases was observed in 6-7 days.
Humic preparation application at mastitis and hyperdermatosis (to combat bots) provided good results which also allowed not to stop milking in contrast to other medicines (for example, antibiotics) discharged with milk (for more than 2 weeks).
- Hoof washing before humate ointment application
Humates are harmless both for animals and people. They do not have any allergic, anaphylactogenic, embryotoxic, teratogenic and cancer-inducing properties. The study of the humate embryonal toxicity level on the fifth generations of white rats proved that the humic preparation does not have any toxic influence on the reproduction functions, cause embryonal toxicity or teratogenicity but by contrast, activates the growth and development of animals and increases the offspring number in the 4th and 5th generations.
The research conducted by the cancer center of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR also proved the humate harmless nature.
HUMATES FOR POULTRY BREEDING
Today there is a high demand in efficient and eco-friendly means improving the digestion of feed nutrients and poultry productive properties. These requirements are met by the humate having a clear growth boosting action which improves the host defenses. The preparation application results in the enhancement of broiler chicken productive properties and resistance which manifests in the improvement of offspring survivability, average daily gain and carcass categorization.
Scientific and economic tests of the proposed feed additive to the broiler chicken ration were being conducted at Ryzan Poultry Plant during 40 days at floor housing. The control and experimental groups of chickens were formed which included the chicks at the age of 1 day and older amounted to 800 capita in each group. The control group was kept at the complete feed and was subject to the existing veterinary handling procedure including the feed antibiotic treatment taken in the period of 0-4 days (liquid Enroflon and in the powder form – in the period of 31-35 days). The experimental group of broiler chickens also was fed by the complete feeding but antibiotics were fully excluded from the veterinary procedure.
Liquid preparation consumption norms as non-conventional feed additives were introduced into the broiler chicken ration with the account of the poultry age:
• 1 week of life – 6 l of the concentrate per 1 ton of the complete feed,
• 2 week of life – 7 l of the concentrate per 1 ton of the complete feed,
• Starting from the 3d week of life – 8 l of the concentrate per 1 ton of the complete feed.
At such dosing the highest offspring living weight was ensured by the 7th week of the life which was better by 5.5% comparing with the control group at lower feed consumption. The humate addition to the ration improves digestibility of the feed nutrients and increases the general resistance of chicks. The humic preparation was added to the potable water at the ratio of 30 ml of the concentrate per 10 l of water.
In addition, twice a day the humic preparation was sprayed as an aerosol at the poultry presence as such treatment facilitates the fast reduction of air contamination with pathogenic microflora. Recommended dose – 3-4 l of the humic preparation per 1 ton of water.
THE EXPERIMENTS RESULTS DEMONSTRATED THE FOLLOWING EXPERIMENTAL BROILER CHICKEN INDICATORS AGAINST THE CONTROL GROUP:
• offspring survivability — higher by 2%;
• average daily gain of the live weight higher by 9%;
• gross weight gain – higher by 8.8%;
• rejection – lower by 6%;
• slaughter weight per head – higher by 4%;
• feed consumption per 1 kg of the living weight gain – lower by 8%.
The blood counts of the broiler chickens for the immunity stress were better in the experimental group receiving the aforementioned feed additive in addition to its ration.
It was established that the application of such feed additive reduces the heavy metal concentration (lead) in the broiler meat down to 40% of the maximum allowable limit of the background value amounting to 90% of the maximum allowable limit.
The humates have a favorable influence not only on the broiler weight gain but also on the quantity&quality of the products from laying hens. Introduction of the humic acids into the laying hen ration results in a better feed digestibility, increase in the amount of produced eggs and their weight.
Therefore, humic acids and their derivative products are capable of increasing the activity of the immune and hematologic systems, positively influence the nutrient digestibility, increase the average daily weight gain and offspring survivability influencing the general non-specific body resistance.
The humate addition to the ration improves digestibility of the feed nutrients and increases the general resistance of chicks.